The water heater is actually a household appliance that stores and heats water. This appliance is usually built in a cylindrical shape which has an electric heating device that enables it to boil water. Water heaters are a very important and useful appliance in many homes today.

Despite its great level of reliance, there are some common problems it portrays of which many owners do not know how to handle when they arise. It is very important for one to know the type and components of the water heater he/she is buying, as problems may arise during its usage and therefore afford one to proffer easy and prompt solution to such problems without any form of stress.

However, to get an ideal water heater, it is advisable to go through users product reviews to determine which model is best for your purpose. Based on statistics gotten from and manufacturers of water heaters, the average lifespan of a water heater is usually between 8 and 13 years depending on its usage level, water quality, and environment among other factors.

There are two major categories of water heaters, namely, the gas and electric water heater of which these categories are further divided into various types which include conventional storage water, tankless water heater, heat pump water heater, solar water heater as well as tankless coil and indirect water heaters.  Whether electric or gas water heater, owners should take into consideration the size, cost, fuel type, and its availability as well as the energy efficiency of the type of water heater they want.

Also, one’s environment should also be taken into consideration when buying a water heater as water heaters mostly require clean air in order to function effectively and efficiently. One of the key problems of a gas water heater is the lack of oxygen as gas water heaters requires a lot of oxygen to function properly. If there is a restriction of air into the gas chamber, certain problems can pop up such as possible problems of carbon monoxide, a severe odor of burnt gas, pilot outage etc.

In order to avoid the above complications due to lack of air, it is vital to ensure that there is a free flow of air in the gas chamber by ensuring that nothing is obstructing the flue vent. An unfavorable climatic condition (poor weather) can also serve as a hindrance to the effective performance of a water heater if the water heater is placed externally and not internally. Conditions like rain, strong wind and what have you can cause unwanted failure of the appliance. In order to preclude the above failure as a result of climatic change or condition, it is advisable to cover up the water heater properly, thus protecting it from unwanted and harsh weather condition.

Another problem of the water heater device is mixing (this is where both the cold and hot water mix together, thereby making the water Luke warm) and crossover (this is a situation whereby hot water comes out from the tap of cold water and vice versa) The problem of mixing can actually affect an entire apartment that shares and utilizes one water heater. Some flat in the apartment might have access to use hot water, while some might only have access to cold water and some might be lucky to get lukewarm water. In order to prevent the problem of crossover and mixing, early and annual servicing of the water heater appliance is advisable as this will help to minimize cost and make it more durable.

One might be wondering how the quality of water will contribute adversely to the lifespan of a water heater. Well the truth is that water quality can actually deteriorate the quality of a water heater. The anode rods (devices that help to protect the heater’s glass lining from weakening) can be weakened by poor water quality. How does the poor quality of water weakens the anode rods and serve as an impediment to the water heating process? The presence of calcium in hard water simply decreases the entire life span of the water heater, the calcium element in the water also settles down to the bottom end of the heater which serves as an insulator and thereby disturbing the whole process of heating. Leakage of the water heater as well as condensation is also a problem which may occur as a result of weak tank steel body, busted pipes or overheating from the “TPR” (Temperature and Pressure Relief valve). Problems also arise from the water heater thermostats which cause water to be too hot or cold. The thermostat is actually used to control hot water temperature. To avoid failure of the water heater thermostats, it is desirable to replace faulty thermostats with a new one in order to minimize bigger complications in future.

Water Hammer Problem

Another problem that affects water heater is the “water hammer problem”. This problem occurs when there is a sudden closure of the outlet valve, which causes a banging noise in the pipelines. This problem can disrupt the operation of the water heater and eventually damage the water heater due to the pressure it might have mounted in the pipelines. Once a water hammer problem is observed, the installation of an Arrestor is required to help absorb shock wave from the whole pressure along the pipeline. Poor maintenance is usually the reason behind water heater problems.